Following a few well-informed tips to protect your eyesight can do a lot to prevent macular degeneration and other age related vision disorders. It goes without saying that our eyes are incredibly important to us. For most of us, they are the dominant sense organs, responsible for about 60 percent of the sensory input that our brains process. Unfortunately, as we get older a natural side effect of the aging process is a constant break down of the processes that contribute to clear vision. Macular degeneration is the slow, progressive degeneration of the cells in the eye, eventually leading to diminished eyesight and possible blindness in advanced stages. Here are a few tips to protect your eyesight for the future.
First of all, you should find out if you are especially prone to certain types of eye disease. A lot of these are passed from generation to generation through hereditary traits, so a family history of certain diseases might make you more susceptible to them as well. If you are over the age of 65, or if your family has any history of diabetes or high blood pressure, you might be at risk. It's important to go to the doctor on a regular basis to get eye exams. Most people only do this infrequently, usually when they need to change the prescription in their eyeglasses, but it's vital that you get exams in between to spot any early warning signs of eye disease.
Second of all, and possibly the easiest, you should try to exercise on a daily basis. Exercise strengthens your heart and lowers your risk of high blood pressure, which can have a negative impact on the ocular tissue. Simple daily exercises like walking has actually been shown to reduce the prevalence of age related macular degeneration by as much as 70 percent. It's amazing that such a simple remedy is one of the best tips to protect your eyesight.
Another tip is also common sense, but unfortunately it's one that a lot of people ignore. Simply put, don't smoke. Cigarette smoke is irritating to the eyes, and the cumulative effect of tobacco smoke increases the risk of free radical formation, a process in which the cells break down rather than reproducing correctly. Individuals who smoke cigarettes are at a much higher risk of developing cataracts and macular degeneration when compared to people who don't smoke. Just that one simple lifestyle choice could be all you need to make the difference in your golden years.
Finally, making sure your eyeglass or contacts prescription is up-to-date is a good way to protect your eyesight. Trying to live with inadequate lens strengths can do a lot of damage to your eyes. It causes you to strain your eyes harder on a daily basis just to see clearly. Conversely, try spending some time each day with your glasses off. Wearing corrective lenses day in and day out causes your eyes to depend on them, and the ocular muscles can become weaker as a result.